Medical Laboratory Technology

CampusStart Date
Saint JohnSeptember 2018

Program Overview

Medical Laboratory Technologists are excited by life under a microscope. They work with laboratory equipment to conduct and analyze microscopic, immunologic, biologic, bacteriologic, hematologic, and chemical tests. You'll learn how to evaluate the technical validity of bodily specimens, and how to perform laboratory investigations related to the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease. The demand for qualified Medical Laboratory Technologists is high and your work will feel meaningful as an important member of a healthcare team.


Duration

The requirements for this diploma program may be achieved within two and one-half years of full-time study.


Admission Requirements

    Profile D

  • High School Diploma or Adult High School Diploma or GED Diploma of High School Equivalency
    • Foundations of Mathematics 110
      or
      Geometry and Applications in Mathematics 112 and Functions and Relations 112
      • Total of three (3) sciences, including at least two (2) from the following:
        • Biology 112 or 122
        • Chemistry 112 or 122
        • Physics 112 or 122

      (NB Francophone High School Math Equivalencies)


      Career Possibilities

      Graduates can work in hospital medical laboratories or public health departments. They may also be found in medical clinics, blood transfusion services, biological supply houses, veterinarian hospitals, research centres and related commercial fields. Medical Laboratory Technologists often work shifts including days, evenings and midnights. Graduates working in a New Brunswick hospital laboratory will need to be registered with the Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Sciences (CSMLS) and licensed by the New Brunswick Society of Medical Laboratory Technologists (NBSMLT).

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      NOC Codes

      3211 - Medical laboratory technologists
      3212 - Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists' assistants


      What you will learn

      • Ethics and Professionalism
      • Health and Safety
      • Communications
      • Anatomy and Physiology
      • Clinical Chemistry
      • Hematology
      • Histotechnology
      • Transfusion Science
      • Clinical Microbiology
      • Phlebotomy
      • Urinalysis
      • Clinical Practicums


      Program Courses

      This year's courses are still under development. Showing 2017's courses for reference.

      This course will introduce the sciences of anatomy and physiology of the body systems. The progression of study of the body systems is from simple to complex (e.g. chemical level to cellular level, tissue level to system level)

      This course will examine biochemical analytes in relation to normal and pathophysiological aspects of various body systems. Emphasis will be placed on the biochemistry of proteins, carbohydrates, enzymes, liver function, non protein nitrogenous substances, and body fluids. Analytical techniques and principles will also be discussed.

      Prerequisites:

      • BIOC1025C
      • BIOC1014

      This course introduces biochemistry laboratory techniques for selected analytes such as carbohydrates, proteins, NPN's and enzymes. Interpretation, correlation and quality of analytical results will be emphasized.

      Prerequisites:

      • LPTL1038
      • STAT1025E

      In this course students examine and perform procedures used in the analysis of urine with emphasis on microscopic identification. The course also examines seminal analysis and the purpose for testing other body fluids.

      Prerequisites:

      • ANAT1024
      • LPTL1040F

      This course applies laboratory techniques and theory learned in earlier courses to successfully perform analysis. Interpretation, correlation and quality of analytical results will be emphasized.

      Prerequisites:

      • LPTL1042E
      • BIOC1016

      This course examines acid base and water balance. The principles of analysis of these analytes will be discussed. Emphasis will be placed on the interpretation and correlation of analytical results.

      Prerequisites:

      • BIOC1012E
      • LPTL1042E

      This course will support the clinical chemistry practicum. Prerequisite knowledge and new material will support the clinical experience. Reviews and testing will help prepare the student for the CSMLS Certification Exam.

      Prerequisites:

      • CHEM1092E
      • BIOC1015
      • BIOC1016

      This course is designed to introduce general and organic chemistry concepts as they relate to the study of important biomolecules, their metabolism and relationship to pathophysiological states.

      The Clinical Chemistry Practicum enables the student to apply and enhance skills they have obtained in prerequisite courses. The student will observe and practice with supervision laboratory safety, professionalism and communication skills. Emphasis will be placed on the use of instrumentation and laboratory information systems and validation of patient results.

      Prerequisites:

      • BIOC1016
      • BIOC1015
      • BIOC1018
      • SECU1221E

      Students will learn to write a variety of technical documents and business correspondence suitable to a specific audience and purpose as well as learn how to conduct research and document sources.

      This course teaches students how to create documents that are organized, unified, and coherent.

      This course utilizes a practical approach in introducing the student to ethics and ethical issues in the workplace. Participants examine the subject by considering numerous examples of real-world case studies that illustrate dilemmas students are challenged to resolve.

      The students will progress through the course by completing various learning modules on management topics, followed by review questions and applied exercises allowing them to analyze management situations and determine appropriate actions. Case studies will be used to develop strategies that integrate the concepts learned. Additional research relevant to health care settings will also be required

      Health care is one of the most important issues to Canadians. This course introduces students to the complexity of the Canadian health care system and examines the various factors that impact this system. It also examines the role of inter-professional collaboration in achieving positive outcomes.

      Medical Laboratory professionals are an essential part of the health care team. This course prepares students for the expectations of Medical Laboratory Technologists and Assistants within the Canadian health care system by introducing them to their roles and the governing bodies, standards and principles which determine their professional requirements.   

      The accuracy of medical laboratory tests is dependent on the integrity of the sample used. This course introduces students to the proper techniques for collecting samples and preparing them for analysis.

      Prerequisites:

      • ANAT1024
      • SECU1305A

      This course examines the theory of microscopy and light measuring instruments. It will include supporting laboratories.

      Prerequisites:

      • LPTL1040F

      This course will introduce students to the fundamentals skills needed for working in a laboratory. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of following proper procedures and adhering to protocols.

      Prerequisites:

      • SECU1305A

      This course examines the theories, principles and operation of various types of instruments used in the clinical laboratory. Topics include automation and robotics, chromatography and mass spectroscopy, immunoassay techniques, toxicology and therapeutic drug monitoring, discrete analysis and point of care testing.

      Prerequisites:

      • LPTL1038

      Microbiology refers to the branch of biology that deals with microorganisms and their effects on other living organisms. This course will introduce students to the clinical aspect of microbiology and its application in health care.

      This course offers the student a comprehensive knowledge of the fundamentals of microbiology. It introduces classification, bacterial physiology and media used in cultivating microorganisms. The course includes laboratory techniques and methods in processing, isolating and identification of microorganisms. The student will obtain basic skills and knowledge that are transferable into a clinical laboratory.
      The grouping of organisms covered in this course are the Gram positive cocci and bacilli and the fastidious Gram negative cocci and bacilli (Group I)

      Prerequisites:

      • MICR1023C
      • SECU1221E

      This course offers the student a comprehensive knowledge of the fundamentals of microbiology. It introduces classification, bacterial physiology and media used in cultivating microorganisms. The course includes laboratory techniques and methods in processing, isolating and identification of microorganisms. The student will obtain basic skills and knowledge that are transferable into a clinical laboratory.

      Prerequisites:

      • MICR1024D
      • SECU1221E

      This course offers a comprehensive knowledge of the processing of clinical results. It includes laboratory techniques and methods in isolating and identifying microorganisms.

      Prerequisites:

      • MICR1025D
      • LPTL1042E
      • SECU1221E

      This course introduces the student to the handling and processing of clinical specimens in a controlled simulated laboratory environment. This course is supported with a body of knowledge required to understand the process of recording of culture reading, identifying clincal significant isolates, and performing identification and susceptability testing. The basic skill and knowledge obtained are transferable to the clinical setting.

      Prerequisites:

      • MICR1026D
      • SECU1221E

      In this practicum course, students will be exposed to the hospital environment and learn to be safe practitioners when processing infectious material.

      Prerequisites:

      • MICR1033
      • SECU1221E

      This course will support the clinical practicum and will help bring together the theoretical principles and reinforce techniques and skills. This approach will prepare the student for entry level practice and national CSMLS certification examination. The student will be challenged throughout the rotation with related clinical case studies, technical related problem solving situation, projects, assignments, and tests. This approach prepares the student to challenge the national certification exam.

      Participants are challenged to apply human relations and interpersonal communications theory to workplace-based and real life situations. They use a problem solving perspective in suggesting and carrying out appropriate communication strategies and techniques.

      Students will perform a series of comprehensive examinations during the clinical phase of their curriculum. They will utilize continuous revision to enhance their performances of theoretical based examination processes.

      Prerequisites:

      • SECU1221E

      This course provides an introduction to the meaning of community service.  Students learn how community service can enhance a student’s educational experience, personal growth, employability, and civic responsibility. Students participate in one day of volunteering to enhance their understanding of civic responsibility and to help the New Brunswick Community College realize its vision of transforming lives and communities. 

      This course introduces the study of peripheral blood cells, their development, identification and functions.

      Prerequisites:

      • LPTL1040F

      This course introduces the study of normal and abnormal hemostasis and their application to the clinical setting.

      Prerequisites:

      • PHIS1040

      This course introduces the student to the processes that allow biological tissue samples to be prepared for microscopic examination, and some of the common disease conditions that require biopsies. Emphasis is placed on the chemicals used for preservation and staining. This course prepares the students for higher level histotechnology courses, where these general competencies are applied to specific methodologies.

      Prerequisites:

      • ANAT1024

      This course explores a wide assortment of staining methodologies - their purpose, procedures and troubleshooting techniques. Labs are primarily used to view relevant prepared microscopic slides, although some methods will be performed.

      Prerequisites:

      • PHIS1048C

      Histotechnology Lab enables the student to begin to develop the skills required for work in a clinical anatomical pathology laboratory. Students will section human tissue, stain it with a wide variety of methods, and view it under the microscope. Microscopic recognition of tissue and staining methods receive special emphasis.

      Prerequisites:

      • PHIS1044
      • SECU1305A

      This course involves demonstration and practise of basic clinical laboratory transfusion science procedures.

      Prerequisites:

      • PHIS1080A

      This course is a continuation of studies in Transfusion Science. Topics covered are blood products, compatibility testing, transfusion reactions, auto immune, hemolytic anemias and quality assurance. The laboratory component builds on procedures introduced in the basic procedures course.

      Prerequisites:

      • PHIS1050E
      • SECU1305A

      Clinical practicum for histotechnology enables the student to apply the skills they have obtained in lower level courses to the actual clinical environment. Students will accession, process, embed, section and stain clinical specimens.

      Prerequisites:

      • PHIS1043
      • MICR1027D
      • PHIS1045D
      • PHIS1052D
      • PHIS1055D
      • PHIS1072
      • SECU1221E

      The clinical for transfusion science enables the students to gain experience in a dynamic environment. This allows the students to apply all skills they obtained to the actual clinical setting.

      Prerequisites:

      • PHIS1043
      • MICR1027D
      • PHIS1045D
      • PHIS1052D
      • PHIS1065D
      • PHIS1072
      • SECU1221E

      This course brings together the theoretical principles required by the student in clinical histotechnology. Existing knowledge will be combined with new material to support and enhance the student's clinical experience.

      Prerequisites:

      • PHIS1053F

      This course will support the hematology practicum bringing together the theoretical principles required by the student during their hematology practicum. Existing knowledge will be combined with new material to support and enhance the student's clinical experience.

      Prerequisites:

      • PHIS1064

      Clinical Hematology enables the student to apply the skills they have acquired to the hospital clinical environment. Students will process, analyze and evaluate specimens received in a hospital hematology laboratory.

      Prerequisites:

      • PHIS1063
      • SECU1221E

      This course brings together the theoretical principles required by the student in Transfusion Science. Existing knowledge will be combined with new material to support and enhance the student's clinical experience.

      Prerequisites:

      • PHIS1054

      This course introduces the study of peripheral blood and bone marrow abnormalities relating to non-malignant red blood cell disorders and malignancies such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.

      Prerequisites:

      • PHIS1040

      This course will cover the fundamentals of immunology, clinically significant blood groups and the theory of antibody identification and interpretation. It will also include an in depth study of Hemolytic Disease of the Fetus and Newborn.

      Prerequisites:

      • ANAT1024

      A safe and healthy workplace is the responsibility of the employer and the employee. This course introduces students to the importance of working safely and addresses how employers and employees can control the hazards and risks associated with the workplace. Students will also learn about the roles and responsibilities of key stakeholders including WorkSafeNB, the employer and the employee in ensuring workplaces are safe.

      This course introduces the principles of safe laboratory practices. Concepts examined include good safety practices, biological, chemical and physical hazards, ergonomics, laboratory controls, equipment safety, waste disposal, spill clean-up and relevant legislation.
       

      This course will introduce students to mathematical operations and statistics needed to work in a clinical laboratory. Emphasis will be placed on problem solving skills and calculations. This course will also include quality assurance and quality control techniques used in clinical laboratories to select, assess and evaluate analytical methods and patient lab results for acceptability.

      Prerequisites:

      • LPTL1040F
      • SECU1221E


      Specific Considerations

      Good health and a good level of physical fitness and stamina are essential. Individuals with colour blindness will find difficulty with certain aspects of required microscopic work and should contact the program directly. MLTs must have a strong attention to detail, critical and analytical skills are essential. The ability to multi-task, prioritize and communication skills are also essential. Good motor skills, manual dexterity, hand eye coordination, and the ability to work in a rapidly changing environment are needed. In addition to analytical work, students are required to interact with patients while performing tasks such as drawing blood. Prior to the beginning of the applied workplace experience, host facilities throughout the province may require the completion of an Immunization and Medical form, proof of valid CPR Level C Lifesaver certification, and specific immunizations. It is the student's responsibility to ensure that he or she has met these requirements.

      Host agencies require students to provide a current criminal record check and vulnerable sector check from a recognized police service in order to be considered for an applied workplace experience. Individuals who have been convicted criminally and not pardoned may be prohibited from proceeding to a work placement. It is the student's responsibility to ensure that he or she is eligible to participate.

      There is a strong possibility due to the number of clinical placements available, in order to complete your practicum, you will be required to travel to clinical sites outside the Saint John area for a six month period. The practicum is required to graduate from the Medical Laboratory Technology Program. Costs incurred for travel and accommodation are at your own expense.

      The Bridging Program was developed in cooperation with the New Brunswick Society of Medical Laboratory Technologists (NBSMLT) and Collège communautaire du Nouveau-Brunswick (CCNB). It enables professionals in the field who have been educated internationally to obtain Canadian certification to work in New Brunswick. It is the only program of this kind offered in both official languages in Canada. For more information see: www.coursenligne.net/index.cfm?Obj=programs&id=101.


      Accreditations

      Organization: Canadian Medical Association (CMA )
      Accreditation Period: 2010
      Information: The Medical Laboratory Technology program is accredited by the Canadian Medical Association conjoint accreditation services.


      External Certifications

      Medical Laboratory Technology graduates may have an opportunity to acquire the following external certifications upon meeting the external agencies certification requirements and paying any required fees to the external agency:

      Institution: Canadian Society of Medical Laboratory Sciences (CSMLS)
      External Certification: Medical Laboratory Technologist (MLT) - CSMLS
      Information: The student may challenge the Canadian Society of Medical Laboratory Sciences National Certification Examination. If successful, the student becomes certified by the CSMLS and is given the designation MLT. This certification provides the technologist with mobility options throughout the country and in other parts of the world.

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      Disclaimer: This web copy provides guidance to prospective students, applicants, current students, faculty and staff. Although advice is readily available on request, the responsibility for program selection ultimately rests with the student. Programs, admission requirements and other related information is subject to change.

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